It does this by establishing multiple multiplexed connections between two endpoints using User Datagram Protocol (UDP) rather than Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).
QUIC vs. TCP: a comparative analysis
To appreciate the benefits of QUIC, it is necessary to compare it to TCP, the traditional protocol for Internet communications. While TCP provides reliable data delivery, it suffers from a problem known as “line-head blocking,” where the loss of one packet delays the delivery of subsequent packets.
QUIC, on the other hand, solves this problem by allowing data streams to be transmitted independently of each other. This is similar to if there were multiple independent trucks (QUIC) instead of one long train (TCP). If one truck encounters a delay, it does not delay the others.
Advantages of QUIC
QUIC offers a number of advantages over traditional protocols. Its main advantage is its reduced connection establishment time, which is especially useful for time-sensitive applications such as video streaming or online gaming.
In addition, QUIC integrates the Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol to secure communications, making it a more secure choice for transmitting sensitive data. Think of QUIC as a secure, high-speed courier service that not only delivers your packages quickly, but also keeps them safe during transit.
The future of QUIC
QUIC is a protocol not only of the present, but also of the future. It is the basis for HTTP/3, the future version of the HTTP protocol. With its ability to reduce latency, deal with packet loss and ensure secure data transmission, QUIC is set to play a key role in the future of Internet communications.