Why ISPs might need to replace BRAS/BNG?

August 23, 2022
BNG/BRAS
Why ISPs might need to replace BRAS/BNG?
As a developer of software solutions for Internet service providers, we often hear a question from our customers: what is the best replacing option for their current BRAS solution and how to replace it quickly? We have identified two main reasons why telecom operators might be thinking about replacing BNG.

Reasons to replace BRAS/BNG

  1. The first and main reason is traffic and the subscriber base growth, and as a consequence, requirement of the network expansion and increasing bandwidth.
  2. The other reason for the ISPs request to replace BNG is unstable operation of the existing equipment. If there are periodic fails or even break-downs, there is no other choice but to replace the current solution with a more productive and flexible analogue.

Moreover, the following tasks push the telecom operator to replace BNG:

  • The necessity to comply with regulator’s requirements. Regulations of the government and regulatory authorities differ from region to region, but it is necessary to comply with them in any case. The operator starts solving this problem by building it into the current network architecture, but it doesn’t always work out.
  • Carrier Grade NAT implementation. IPv4 address limit forces the use of NAT and before implementation of this technology, it is worth considering whether to implement it separately or to build it into a solution that already exists.
  • IPv6 support. This option does not bring the operator an immediate profit, but ISPs market competition forces the providers to offer customers a full-fledged Dual Stack IPv4/IPv6.
  • Implementation of new services by the request of marketing and sales departments to gain additional profits.

How to choose BRAS/BNG for the operator’s network?

What you should pay attention to when choosing a solution:

  1. What are the needs of your business, and can the solution meet them?
  2. How will the network develop over the next 5-10 years, and will the chosen solution cope with its tasks during this period of time?
  3. What technologies need to be supported right now?

Let’s consider each of these aspects separately.

ISP’s business requests

Ongoing growth of Internet traffic leads to increased subscribers’ expectations and high competition between providers. To provide the best quality of services, an operator must think about managing network bandwidth and ensuring that there are no interruptions to the Internet connection.

It doesn’t matter how much bandwidth you provide, the evolving telecommunications market will always need more, as the number of devices and applications in use grows every day.

For these reasons, operators need a solution that solves at least three business tasks:

Easy operation

  • Transparent architecture and simple operating principles
  • Redundancy option
  • Fast response of technical support
  • Customization for your network

Justified investments

  • Reliable vendor and solution
  • Value for money
  • Product development and its long-term use

Business development

  • Detailed analytics of the subscriber base and their needs
  • Expansion of the range of services and upselling


 

Flexible solution for future development

The trend of Internet traffic growth will obviously exist in the coming years (because of the emergence of IoT devices, active use of cloud storage and video streaming). At the same time, subscribers are becoming more and more attentive to the quality of communications. This forces broadband service providers to upgrade and scale their network infrastructure, so that they won’t lose market share and loyal customers.

That’s the reason we always think about the future when we implement our solutions: how to make the architecture flexible and ready for the growth and ensure uninterrupted services.
  • Once you buy a software license, you can flexibly modify it: add functionality, expand it to match the growing traffic volume, transfer it to other equipment, combine or share functionality across multiple servers.
  • The Stingray SG solution is multifunctional: you get BRAS + CG-NAT + DPI available on one server.
  • Can be installed on affordable x86 servers. Thanks to that, the ISP can upgrade, scale and increase power of equipment independently.
  • Supports dividing of one tariff plan between several IP addresses: one login – many IPs (so-called multiusers).
  • Creates an IPv6-ready network thanks to Dual Stack v4-v6 support and the ability to gradually migrate to the new protocol.
  • Leverages existing network resources by prioritizing individual protocols, ensuring Uplink is not overdrawn.
  • Ensures subscribers’ expectations of always being connected: availability of critical services (e.g., messengers and video) takes priority over background downloads (Windows updates and torrent downloads).

 
module interaction diagram
 

  • Fault tolerance is provided by an additional Stand-by license: Active-Stand-by cold redundancy or Active-Active hot redundancy
  • Performance up to 200 Gbps using a CPU with 64 cores
  • Control Plane – CentOS8
  • Data Plane – DPDK (Direct NIC Access technology)

 

Feature
SSG 6
SSG 10
SSG 20
SSG 40
SSG 80
SSG 100
SSG 120
PerfomanceGbps
6
10
20
40
80
100
120
Portspcs x GbE
2×10
2×10
4×10
6×10/4×25/4×40
12×10/6×25/6×40/4×100
20×10/8×25/8×40/4×100
20×10/8×25/8×40/6×100
Rack Units
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
Number of subscribers
400К
16М
32М
Maximum number of sessionsessions
4M
8M
16M
32M
64M
128M
256M
Number of new sessionssessions/sec
100К
250K
500K
1000K
2000K
2500K
5000K
Latency (average value)microseconds (µs)
30
30
30
30
30
30
30

Technologies

In case if Internet service provider is on an early stage of development, it is important to carry out the continuity of already used technologies with the possibility to apply modern solutions in the future. For example: combining PPPoE authorization in one BRAS and terminating users with DHCP authorization inside Q-in-Q tunnels.

VAS Experts’ BRAS supports L2 and L3 modes:

  • L3 and authorization by IP when there is a routed network to BRAS and no endpoint MAC address of the device is visible
  • L2 with MAC and static IP authentication and authorization by ARP-request to the default gateway
  • L2 with DHCP query authorization: Options with DHCP Relay or Radius Proxy
  • L2 PPPoE with login/password authentication at the beginning of the PPP session

  • L2/L3 BRAS modes
  • BRAS/CG-NAT/DPI/URL-Filtering combination
  • Full RADIUS support (CoA)
  • High availability with PCRF server
  • Quick start from UDR base

Q-in-Q termination / VLAN / PPP in BRAS L2

termination

Full isolation on L2 level:

  • Excludes: broadcast attacks, sharing
  • Reduces access switch requirements
  • Simplifies IPv6 deployment

Conclusion

When choosing a BRAS solution, an Internet service provider should look at modern technologies that allow implementing of a software solution on common server hardware. The development of CPUs allows using vBNG instead of Hardware solutions and get significant advantages.

We use cookies to optimize site functionality and give you the best possible experience. To learn more about the cookies we use, please visit our Cookies Policy. By clicking ‘Okay’, you agree to our use of cookies. Learn more.